The rapid growth of industry in Cambodia has provided employment opportunities for young women, especially in the garment sector. Women are increasingly migrating to the capital in search of work to support themselves and their families. However, women in this age group face sexual and reproductive health challenges which are not adequately addressed. This study examined factors that impact sexual and reproductive health of female garment workers, involving factory workers in the garment industry in Phnom Penh. The study investigated poverty and associated factors (socio-economic, living conditions, working conditions and role of garment factory) as key contributors of why young women garment workers’ reproductive health issues are neglected.